Experiment: Nguyen Group_20220525_Nitrogen Dioxide/Ammonium Sulfate/Ozone/Hydrogen Peroxide/beta-Pinene_Nitrate radical_Ammonium sulfate


Name: Nguyen Group_20220525_Nitrogen Dioxide/Ammonium Sulfate/Ozone/Hydrogen Peroxide/beta-Pinene_Nitrate radical_Ammonium sulfate
Date: 2022-05-25

Nguyen Group

Tran's big bag of air

Experiment Set
Terpene nighttime chemistry

To quantify SOA yield and gas-phase product yields (particularly of C10 nitrooxy-hydroperoxide and other organonitrates) from humid nighttime RO2+HO2-dominated NO3-initiated chemistry of b-pinene.

The chamber was humidified, after which H2O2, NO2, and O3 were injected in the chamber and allowed to equilibrate, forming NO3 and HO2. Ammonium sulfate seed particles were injected. Then b-pinene was injected and decayed by simultaneous reaction with ozone and NO3. Gas phase organics were monitored by CF3O- CIMS (units: normalized counts), particle formation was monitored by SMPS, and RH/T/O3/NOx were monitored throughout. O3/NOx data sometimes require post-correction not applied here, including subtraction of an ozone interference from H2O2 (1 ppm H2O2 is detected as about 12 ppb ozone) and correction for an in-line HEPA filter (see timeline for applicable timing) that scrubs about 10% of NO2 and 45% of ozone. CIMS ran out of reagent gas ~90 minutes before end of expt.

Experiment Details


  • Gas phase chemical reaction
  • Aerosol formation
Temperature: 22
Relative Humidity: 67
Seeded Experiment: Yes
Type of Seed: Ammonium sulfate
Initial Seed Concentration Value: 220
Seed Concentration Units: micrograms_per_cubic_meter
Fuchs Adjusted Surface Area:
Condensation sink rate coefficient: 67
Reaction type:
Oxidant Name: Nitrate radical
Initial Oxidant Concentration Value: 20 (parts_per_trillion)
RO2 Main Fate: RO2
RO2 Lifetime: (Seconds)
Pressure: approx 1 atm

Data Set plots
Choose a file: Choose the X-Axis:

Experiment Set Details

Name: Terpene nighttime chemistry
Time format and units: HH:MM
A series of experiments examining product yields and SOA formation from terpene + NO3 reactions under conditions designed to mimic the nighttime atmosphere of the Southeast US in the summer. Two types of experiments are included: (1) those in which the chemistry is initiated by additions of O3 + NO2 + H2O2, which together provide conditions closely resembling the ambient atmosphere at night (i.e., with NO3 + terpene as the dominant oxidation reaction but some O3 + terpene contribution, and with RO2 + HO2 as the dominant peroxy radical fate but an appreciable contribution from RO2 + RO2), and (2) equivalent experiments performed without NO2 as a control, so as to isolate the terpene + O3 chemistry. SOA yield experiments are performed at approximately 60% RH with hydrated ammonium sulfate seed aerosol. Filter collection experiments are performed without ammonium sulfate seed aerosol, using very high terpene loadings so as to acquire enough material for offline analysis, and using N2O5 as the NO3 precursor. Data include RH/T, particle size distributions measured by SMPS (including wall-loss corrected and un-corrected data), gas-phase organic species monitored by CF3O- CIMS, and O3 & NOx concentrations. CIMS computer was struggling during this experiment set, so some experiments may be missing data when it abruptly stopped.



Principal investigator:

Tran B. Nguyen
Phone: 5307525987
E-mail: tbn@ucdavis.edu
OrcID: 0000-0001-9206-4359

Data Manager:

Kelvin H. Bates
E-mail: kelvinhbates@gmail.com


Reactant Compound type Concentration Concentration units
Nitrogen Dioxide (3032552)
  • NOx
80 Parts Per Billion
Ammonium Sulfate (Aerosol) (6097028)
  • Aerosols
220 Microgram Per Cubic Meter
Ozone (24823) 90 Parts Per Billion
Hydrogen Peroxide (784) 4 Parts Per Million
beta-Pinene (14896)
  • Alkene
  • Cycloalkene
26 Parts Per Billion

220525_timeline.csv Timeline

Time_HH:MM_local Action
9:10 Start humidifying; NOx/O3/RH/T monitors on
9:20 SMPS on
9:41 Stop humidifying
9:43 Inject ozone for 105 seconds followed by mixing air bursts
9:48 Start H2O2 injection (100 uL of 50% w/w in H2O; 4 slm air; heated to 40 C)
9:50 Start atomization (0.29 g (NH4)2SO4 in 100 mL MilliQ H2O; 35 psi N2; heater wet-wall denuder to hydrate particles)
9:52 add NO2 (22.5 sec at 1 slm from tank) followed by mixing air bursts
10:09 HEPA filter on NOx/O3 monitors
10:16 Stop atomization and H2O2 injection; mixing air bursts
10:29 CIMS on
11:00 b-pinene injection (1.7 uL droplet blown in with 4 slm air over 12 min with mixing air bursts every 3 min)
15:00 CIMS reagent gas running out; don't bother normalizing signals after this
16:50 Instruments shut down and uploaded; flush chamber

Light Flux Characterizations:
Particle Loss Characterizations:
2022-07-29 (#38)
Vapor Loss Characterizations:

Chamber Details

Name: Tran's big bag of air
Volume in cubic meters: 10
Shape: Rectangular Prism
Surface area in cubic meters: 28
Flow Mode: Batch
Flow through rate in liters per minute:
Body Material: Teflon
Body thickness: 2
Replacement date:
Replacement frequency: As needed
Cleaning method: Flushing with air Flushing with air with UV lights on Oxidation
o3 background: < 0.5 ppb
nox background:
Particle background in micrograms per cubic meter:
Air filtration method: Custom filtration canisters to remove NOx, hydrocarbons, water, particles, ozone, SOx from pressurized ambient air.
Mixing method: 1
Mixing method material: Pulsed air jets, manually actuated
Temparature Control: Yes
Temparature measurements recorded: Yes
Temparature range (min degrees celcius):
Temparature range (max degrees celcius):
Humidity Control: Yes
Humidity Measurements Recorded: Yes
Relative humidity range (min percent):
Relative humidity range (max percent):
Particle experiment capability: 1
Lights: Yes
Light source type(s): UV broadband black lights (centered at 350 nm)
Supplemental information:
Additional Notes: 40-Watt, Osram/Sylvania 350nm black lights, 48” long, T12 fluorescent; 72 bulbs, 36 each on two facing walls, with UV-reflective siding on all walls. Lights are controlled via 6 panels (3 on the right wall - top, mid, bottom - and 3 equivalent on the left wall).